Leukemia - Acute Myeloid - AML: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 04/2022

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of people who are diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

AML is uncommon, making up about 1% of cancers. This year, an estimated 20,050 people of all ages (11,140 men and boys and 8,910 women and girls) in the United States will be diagnosed with AML. AML is the second most common type of leukemia diagnosed in adults and children, but most cases occur in adults. AML makes up 31% of all adult leukemia cases. Although AML can be diagnosed at any age, it is uncommon before age 45. The average age of diagnosis is age 68.

It is estimated that 11,540 deaths (6,730 men and boys and 4,810 women and girls) from this disease will occur in the United States this year. The majority will be among adults.

The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for people 20 and older with AML is 27%. For people younger than 20, the survival rate is 69%.

However, survival depends on several factors, including biologic features of the disease and, in particular, a patient’s age (see Subtypes for more information). Although AML is a serious disease, it is treatable and often curable with chemotherapy with or without a bone marrow/stem cell transplant (see the Types of Treatment section).

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for people with AML are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of people with this cancer in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. This means the estimate may not reflect the results of advancements in how AML is diagnosed or treated from the last 5 years. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2022, and the ACS website. (All sources accessed January 2022.)

The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations. It offers drawings of body parts often affected by AML. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.